Surgery and Urology
- Abdominal surgery
- Thoracic surgery
- Neonatal surgery
- Genitourinary surgery
- Oncologic surgery
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Trauma surgery.
- Mr James Hamill Paediatric Surgeon
- Dr Phil Morreau Paediatric Surgeon
- Mr Vipul Upadhyay Paediatric Surgeon
- Dr Stephen Evans Paediatric Surgeon
- Mr John Atkinson Paediatric Surgeon
- Dr Kimberly Aikins Paediatric Surgeon
- Dr Shareena Lala Paediatric Surgeon
Common Conditions / Procedures / Treatments
Umbilical hernias are very common in infants, with one in 10 young children being affected. They are especially common in babies who are premature (born early).
The hernia appears as a lump in the navel that may get bigger when your child is laughing, coughing, crying or using the toilet. It may shrink when your child is relaxed or lying down. It is not painful.
Most of these resolve by the age of three years. It is extremely rare for them to cause complications. Referral can be made once the child has turned three years old if the hernia still persists.
An inguinal hernia is an abnormal bulge, or protrusion, that can be seen and felt in the groin area (the area between the abdomen and the thigh). An inguinal hernia develops when a portion of the intestine (bowel), along with fluid, bulges through the muscle of the abdominal wall.
Inguinal hernias in children result from a weakness in the abdominal wall that is present at birth. The bulge in the groin might only be noticed when the child is crying, coughing, or straining during a bowel movement, or it might appear to be larger during these times. Of the newborns who have inguinal hernias, 90 percent are boys.
Hernias usually need to be surgically repaired to prevent intestinal damage and further complications. The surgery can usually be done as a day case although infants less than 46 weeks post conception usually require an overnight stay in hospital.
Occasionally, if the weakness or defect in the abdominal wall is small, this can result in a portion of intestine becoming trapped. This is called an incarcerated hernia and can cause problems such as severe pain, nausea, vomiting, or absence of bowel movements. Larger abdominal wall defects allow the intestine to move freely in and out of the weakened abdominal wall and do not tend to be as painful.
In approximately 50% of cases a testicle that is undescended at birth will naturally correct itself by the age of three months. If a testicle is still undescended after three months of age, a referral to a surgeon is required.
At the appointment, the surgeon will examine your child carefully to see if the testis can be felt in the body. If the testis can be felt then a reasonably straightforward operation is required to bring down and fix the testicle in the scrotum. This is usually performed between 9 and 12 months of age. If the testes cannot be felt, a different type of operation would be performed so that the surgeon can check where the testes are. In some cases, the testes are absent.
The foreskin is normally non-retractile at birth and it is common for some boys to not have a retractile foreskin until after puberty. At no time should the foreskin be forcibly retracted.
If your son has a tight foreskin, ‘phimosis’ this can be managed by your doctor (GP) which normally involves the application of a steroid cream to the area for 4-6 weeks.
Hypospadias (opening below) is an abnormal appearance of the penis, characterised by the abnormally situated opening of the urethra. This may be associated with a curvature of the penis.
This condition is seen in 1 in 300 - 500 male births.
There are varying degrees of severity and surgery is required to correct the hypospadias.
The aims of surgery are to:
- provide a straight penis
- move the urethral opening as far forward as possible to enable normal micturition (passing urine) and intercourse.